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Purchase Info Record in SAP MM

In the world of SAP Material Management (SAP MM), effective procurement is essential for an organization's smooth operation. One of the key elements that plays a pivotal role in procurement is the Purchase Info Record (PIR). In this blog post, we'll dive deep into the world of purchasing Info Records in SAP MM, exploring what they are, why they are crucial, and how to manage them effectively.

Understanding Purchase Info Records (PIRs)

Purchase Info Records (PIRs) are central to SAP MM's procurement processes. They serve as a repository of information about the materials a company procures from specific vendors. PIRs essentially store data about the purchasing conditions, pricing, and sources for materials.

Each Purchase Info Record links a specific material to a particular vendor and purchasing organization. This linkage ensures that when procurement activities occur, the system can refer to the PIR to determine the relevant terms and conditions for the purchase.

Benefits of Using PIRs

Why are Purchase Info Records so crucial in SAP MM? Here are some compelling benefits:

a. Streamlined Procurement: PIRs streamline the procurement process by providing a one-stop location for all relevant information about a specific procurement scenario. This reduces the time spent searching for data and minimizes errors in purchasing.

b. Pricing Transparency: PIRs include pricing conditions, helping organizations maintain transparency in pricing agreements with vendors. This transparency is vital for accurate cost calculations and negotiations.

c. Efficient Vendor Management: PIRs allow organizations to manage their relationships with vendors effectively. By storing vendor-specific data, such as contact information and delivery terms, companies can ensure seamless communication and collaboration.

d. Optimized Purchasing: With PIRs, organizations can optimize their purchasing decisions. They can select the best vendor based on price, lead times, and other factors stored in the PIR.

Creating Purchase Info Records

Creating a Purchase Info Record in SAP MM involves several steps. Let's break it down:

a. Basic Data:

Start by entering the basic information required for the PIR:

  • Material: Specify the material number.

  • Vendor: Identify the vendor from whom you procure the material.

  • Purchasing Organization: Indicate the purchasing organization responsible for this procurement.

  • Plant: Select the plant where the material will be used.

  • Info Record Type: Choose the appropriate info record type (e.g., Standard, Consignment, Subcontracting).

b. Vendor-Specific Data:

This section contains vendor-specific details:

  • Vendor Material Number: If the vendor uses a different material number, enter it here.

  • Vendor Material Description: Provide a description of the material according to the vendor's catalog.

  • Vendor Material Group: Assign the material to a vendor-specific material group.

c. Material-Specific Data:

In this section, you specify material-specific details:

  • Price: Define the price conditions for the material, including currency and pricing unit.

  • Delivery Tolerances: Set tolerances for over-delivery and under-delivery.

  • Validity Period: Specify the start and end dates for the PIR's validity.

  • Minimum Order Quantity: Define the minimum quantity that can be ordered.

  • Order Unit: Specify the unit of measure for ordering the material.

Updating and Maintaining PIRs

Maintaining PIRs is an ongoing process to ensure the accuracy of procurement data. Here's how to update and maintain PIRs in SAP MM:

a. Price Changes: When vendor prices change, update the PIR with the new pricing conditions to reflect the latest costs accurately.

b. Validity Period: Ensure that the validity period of the PIR is up to date. Extend or modify it as needed to avoid procurement issues.

c. Vendor Information: Keep vendor-specific data current, including contact details and delivery terms.

d. Material Changes: If there are material-specific changes, such as a different unit of measure or description, update the PIR accordingly.

Using PIRs in Procurement

Purchase Info Records play a crucial role in procurement processes:

a. Purchase Requisitions: When a purchase requisition is created, the system checks for a corresponding PIR. If found, it uses the data from the PIR to populate the purchase requisition.

b. Purchase Orders: When generating purchase orders, the system refers to the PIR to determine the vendor, pricing conditions, and other procurement-related data.

c. Goods Receipt: During goods receipt, the system verifies the PIR to ensure that the received materials match the terms and conditions specified in the PIR.

d. Invoice Verification: PIRs are also used in invoice verification to reconcile the invoice price with the PIR's pricing conditions.


Purchase Info Records (PIRs) are essential tools in SAP Material Management (SAP MM) that streamline procurement processes, enhance pricing transparency, and optimize vendor management. By creating and maintaining PIRs effectively, organizations can make informed procurement decisions, reduce errors, and foster better relationships with their vendors.

Understanding the significance of PIRs and following best practices in their creation and maintenance will contribute to the overall efficiency and accuracy of procurement operations in SAP MM. As organizations continue to rely on SAP MM for their procurement needs, mastering the use of Purchase Info Records becomes increasingly critical for success in today's competitive business environment.

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